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What we're going to do now is look at a scene that you've approached, where someone has been pulled out of the water. And you approach them, and you find out they are unresponsive or not breathing. Now someone who's been pulled out of the water, if they're not breathing, this is going to be different from somebody in an office situation. Because in an office situation, the heart has stopped, it's most likely a result of a cardiac problem. Where if someone has had a problem with water, it's likely that they've stopped breathing because of a respiratory problem. It's completely different. One's cardiac disease, maybe. And one's as a result of the heart has stopped, because they're not breathing. And this is really important. Because when you approach somebody, and you do this, the check's the same. You find out if they're not breathing. Then in an office situation, you would leave them, if you're on your own, and go and get help. But a victim of drowning, you want to give them, initially, five breaths, and then you do one minute of CPR before going for help. And the reason for this is because it's a respiratory problem and not necessarily a cardiac problem.
And there is a possibility that by giving those five rescue breaths to start with, you may start the breathing straight away. Or by doing CPR for that one minute, that again may bring them around. It may be this person has just stopped breathing, and they may have a weak pulse at this time, so the CPR is different. So, five rescue breaths followed by 30 compressions, two breaths, 30 compressions. And you do that for one minute. If they do show signs of life, they could be coughing, sputtering, they may come around, or they're showing signs of breathing, then obviously, you would stop CPR at that time, put them into the recovery position. And again, if you're on your own, that's when the time to talk to them, to try and cover them with coats, or something. And if you haven't got a phone with you, you must go and then get help for that person.